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The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
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NCJ Number: NCJ 222677     Find in a Library
Title: Recidivism of Denied Prospective Firearm Purchasers
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): James M. Tien Ph.D. ; Michael F. Cahn ; David M Einstein ; Ke Pei
Corporate Author: Structured Decisions Corporation
United States of America
Date Published: 05/2008
Page Count: 16
  Annotation: This study assessed the impact of denials of firearm purchases under the FBIs National Instant Background Check System (NICS) in directly or indirectly reducing future arrests.
Abstract: Focusing only on those individuals denied a firearm purchase for a criminal reason and controlling for both prior arrest and age, the study found that the denied persons' risk of arrest in the 5 years after the denial was 28.3 percent higher than in the 5 years before the denial. The study concludes that this finding indicates the importance of implementing the "lie-and-try" strategy along with the denial intervention. "Lie-and-try," which is a component of the U.S. Justice Department's Project Safe Neighborhoods, involves the arrest and prosecution of persons who falsify information on their firearms purchase application (ATF Form 4473). The prosecution and potential conviction of a denied person may act as a deterrent to that person, and possibly others, from committing a crime after denial of a firearm purchase. Also, if convicted and incarcerated for falsifying the firearms application, the denied person would be prevented from committing crimes for the duration of the incarceration. The study was based on 4 datasets: NICS reports on persons denied firearms in 1999 (n=88,206); arrest records for those denied for a criminal reason (n=66,115); reports of current checks on a sample of persons denied firearms in 1999 (n=5,000); and a random sample of arrest records (n=48,061). 10 references and 9 tables
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Background investigations ; Recidivism ; Gun Control ; Deterrence ; Deterrence effectiveness ; Citizen gun ownership ; Effectiveness of crime prevention programs ; NIJ final report
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2004-BJ-BX-K001
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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