skip navigation

Justinfo Subscribe to Stay Informed

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


NCJRS Abstract


Subscribe to Stay Informed
Want to be in the know? JUSTINFO is a biweekly e-newsletter containing information about new publications, events, training, funding opportunities, and Web-based resources available from the NCJRS Federal sponsors. Sign up to get JUSTINFO in your inbox.

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 222981     Find in a Library
Title: Study of Deaths Following Electro Muscular Disruption: Interim Report
  Document URL: PDF 
Corporate Author: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 06/2008
Page Count: 21
  Annotation: This report conducted by the U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice, presents results from a medical panel addressing whether conducted energy devices (CEDs), devices utilized by more than 11,000 law enforcement agencies across the country as the less-lethal weapon of choice, can contribute to or cause mortality and if so, in what ways.
Abstract: Although exposure to conducted energy device (CED) is not risk free, there is no conclusive medical evidence within the state of current research that indicates a high risk of serious injury or death from the direct effects of CED exposure. Field experience with CED use indicates that exposure is safe in the vast majority of cases. Therefore, law enforcement need not refrain from deploying CEDs, provided the devices are used in accordance with accepted national guidelines. During the 3 years from 2003 through 2005, 47 states and the District of Columbia reported 1,095 arrest-related deaths proximal to law enforcement’s use of force. To limit injuries and deaths, less-lethal technologies have been used since the early 1990s. It is reported that some 11,500 law enforcement agencies have acquired conducted energy devices (CEDs), of which the leading manufacturer of CEDs, TASER International, introduced in 2003. However, a significant number of individuals have died after exposure to a CED giving rise to questions regarding the safety of CEDs. This report presents a consensus view of a panel consisting of physicians, medical examiners, and other relevant specialists in cardiology, emergency medicine, epidemiology, pathology, and toxicology from a complete review of the available, peer-reviewed research literature and extensive information concerning the use of CEDs in the field. The findings have been limited to those conclusions that can be reached based on current understanding. New research and case studies will continue to be examined by the panel of deaths proximate to the use of CEDs. Glossary and references
Main Term(s): Tasers
Index Term(s): Fatalities ; Less Lethal/ Nonlethal Weapons ; Lawful use of force ; Police weapons use ; Police use of deadly force ; Custody deaths
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: NIJ Special Report
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.