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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 223060   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Fostering Imagination in Fighting Trafficking: Comparing Strategies and Policies To Fight Sex Trafficking in the U.S. and Sweden
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): John Picarelli ; Anna Jonsson
  Date Published: 05/2008
  Page Count: 61
  Annotation: This study compared the methodologies and effectiveness of America's and Sweden's model for addressing international trafficking of women into their countries for commercial sex.
  Abstract: The study concluded that neither country's model "solved" the problem of trafficking for sexual purposes. Rather, each country has adopted an antitrafficking strategy and the policies for implementing it that reflect the country's value system, attitude toward prostitution, governmental capacities, historical experiences, legal codes, and geopolitical perspectives. The models are similar in that both countries believe sex trafficking is a major international issue that requires a mixture of law enforcement, social welfare, and foreign policies. Both countries also view the women who are trafficked as victims of human rights abuses. The models differ, however, in their strategic priorities. The American approach emphasizes strengthening legal codes and law enforcement tools against traffickers, while enhancing services for victims. It can be described as a victim-centered approach, which many countries have emulated. The Swedish model, on the other hand, criminalizes demand for trafficking while handling the "supply" through administrative means. It can be described as an equality-centered approach that has received numerous positive reviews worldwide. The study methodology was a comparative case study approach that focused on two units of analysis: strategy and implementation within the spheres of both domestic and foreign policies. Each case study was based on the same rigorous structure, which allowed for systematic comparisons and analysis. Researchers relied primarily on information they had collected on trafficking in the two countries for over a decade. Both primary and secondary archival sources were used to identify the cases examined. Archival sources were supplemented with interviews. 2 figures
  Main Term(s): Victims of Crime
  Index Term(s): Sex offenses ; Crime specific countermeasures ; Comparative analysis ; Victim services ; NIJ final report ; Sweden ; United States of America ; Trafficking in Persons
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 1704-356
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Program/Project Description
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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