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NCJ Number: NCJ 223285     Find in a Library
Title: Undocumented Immigrants in U.S. - Mexico Border Counties: The Costs of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice Services
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Tanis J. Salant D.P.A. ; John R. Weeks Ph.D. ; Efrat Feferman M.P.A. ; Jenna Berman M.P.A. ; David Eisenberg Ph.D.
Corporate Author: Eller College of Management
School of Public Administration and Policy
United States of America
Date Published: 09/2007
Page Count: 155
  Annotation: This report provides an accounting of costs to border counties in the States of California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas for the immigration population, specifically the undocumented immigration, which is the responsibility of the Federal Government and its failed immigration and border security policies.
Abstract: In fiscal year 2006, the law enforcement and criminal justice costs associated with undocumented immigration to these 24 border counties were $192 million. Over the past 8 fiscal years, from 1999 through 2006, the costs have added up to a staggering $1.23 billion. A fundamental principle of immigration law since 1790 is that the Federal Government has primary power and responsibility, related to several Constitutional provisions. However, the Federal Government has only reimbursed these 24 counties $4.7 million for detaining criminal undocumented immigrants for fiscal year 2006 (and $54.8 million since 1999). Many members of Congress have recognized that costs to counties associated with undocumented immigration are a Federal responsibility and reimbursement is the only appropriate action when costs are documented. This study supported by the U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice researched the law enforcement and criminal justice agencies in all 24 counties within the States of California (San Diego and Imperial), Arizona (Yuma, Pima, Santa Cruz, and Cochise), New Mexico (Hidalgo, Luna, and Dona Ana), and Texas (El Paso, Hudspeth, Culberson, Jeff Davis, Presidio, Brewster, Terrell, Val Verde, Maverick, Kinney, Webb, Zapata, Starr, Hidalgo, and Cameron); fiscal data were compiled for 1 fiscal year, 2006, on expenditures from the county general fund. This report is about the costs to county governments of providing services for populations that are the responsibility of the Federal Government. The costs of the Federal Government’s failed immigration policy disproportionately substantially affect these 24 counties along the United States-Mexico border. Tables
Main Term(s): Border control
Index Term(s): Federal aid ; County police ; Federal government ; Local government ; Immigrants/Aliens ; Local criminal justice systems ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2006-DD-BX-0004
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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