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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 223852   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Pretrial Release of Latino Defendants, Final Report
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Author(s): David Levin
  Corporate Author: Pretrial Justice Institute
United States of America
  Date Published: 2008
  Page Count: 90
  Annotation: This nationwide study examined whether Latino defendants were less likely to receive pretrial release than non-Latino defendants and whether Latino defendants in counties with a rapidly increasing Latino population were less likely to receive pretrial release than Latino defendants in counties where the Latino population was not rapidly increasing.
  Abstract: The study found that Latino defendants were not less likely to receive pretrial release than other defendants; however, they were more likely to receive financial pretrial release than non-Latino defendants. Further, Latino defendants in counties with rapidly growing Latino population were not less likely to receive pretrial release than Latino defendants in counties where the Latino population was not rapidly increasing. Also, Latino defendants did not have different rates of placement into financial pretrial release, bail amounts set, or ability to make bail in relation to growth rates in a jurisdiction’s Latino population. The study recommends that future research analyze where and why Latinos are being placed on monetary bail disproportionately. It also recommends that judicial training programs include discussions of how various court jurisdictions are ensuring that Latino defendant are receiving pretrial dispositions similar to those received by White and African-American defendants. Multilevel analysis of the State Court Processing Statistics database for 1992-2004 was conducted in order to control for jurisdiction/county-level predictors of pretrial decisionmaking. Data sources for the jurisdictional predictors include the Uniform Crime Reporting Programs Index of Crimes Reported to Police by County, data series 1988-2004; Annual Survey of Jails, Jurisdiction-Level, 1988-2004; National Prosecutor Survey/Census for 1990-2001; and U.S. Census Bureau reports from the Quickfacts and State-County Online Factbook. Other data sources were the Bureau of Justice Statistics-National Center for State Courts State Court Organization reports and the Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties, 1992-2002 reports. 12 tables and 131 references
  Main Term(s): County courts
  Index Term(s): Bail/Financial Release ; Discrimination ; Judicial discretion ; Defendants ; Pretrial release ; Comparative analysis ; Hispanic Americans ; NIJ final report
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2007-IJ-CX-0002
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Legislation/Policy Analysis
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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