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NCJ Number: NCJ 224990   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Effects of Problem-Oriented Policing on Crime and Disorder
Author(s): David Weisburd ; Cody W. Telep ; Joshua C. Hinkle ; John E. Eck
Date Published: 11/2008
Page Count: 89
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2007-IJ-CX-0045
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Literature Review
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study synthesized the existing problem-oriented policing evaluation literature and assessed the effects of problem-oriented policing on crime and disorder.
Abstract: Based on high-quality evaluations (both experimental and quasi-experimental studies) conducted thus far, problem-oriented policing has had a statistically significant but modest impact on reductions in crime and disorder. The authors urge caution in interpreting these results, however, because of the small number of methodologically rigorous studies on problem-oriented policing (n=10) and the diversity of problems and responses used in the eligible studies. As used in this study, problem-oriented policing refers to the paradigm developed by Herman Goldstein (1979), in which he replaced the reactive, incident-driven model of policing with a model that requires the police to be proactive in identifying underlying problems that could be targeted to alleviate crime and disorder at their root causes. John Eck and William Spelman (1987) drew upon Goldstein’s model in developing the SARA model for problem-oriented policing. This is an acronym for “scanning” (identifying and prioritizing potential problems causing crime and disorder); “analysis” (analysis of the identified problem); “response” (design and implementation of interventions intended to solve the problem); and “assessment” (evaluating the impact of the response on the targeted problem). Eligible studies for this meta-analysis had to meet three criteria: the SARA model was used; a comparison group was included; and at least one crime or disorder outcome was reported. After an exhaustive search strategy that identified over 5,500 articles and reports, only 10 studies met the inclusion criteria. Forty-five other studies were also examined. They met all the selection criteria except the use of a comparison group. 6 tables, 10 figures, 112 references, and appended coding sheets, list of police experts contacted, and a list of effect sizes for all outcomes for eligible studies
Main Term(s): Problem-Oriented Policing
Index Term(s): Police effectiveness ; Police management ; Crime control policies ; Police policies and procedures ; NIJ final report
   
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https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=246967

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