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NCJ Number: NCJ 226359     Find in a Library
Title: Improving Street Lighting to Reduce Crime in Residential Areas
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
Author(s): Ronald V. Clarke
Date Published: 12/2008
Page Count: 62
  Annotation: This guide assists community-policing officers in deciding whether improved lighting is an appropriate response to a crime or disorder problem that might be confronting a particular neighborhood or community.
Abstract: In discussing how improved lighting might influence crime rates, information is provided on how lighting can either reduce or increase crime or both in both nighttime and daytime. Improved lighting reduces crime by increasing the risk that potential offenders will be observed and by making it more likely that residents will be involved in outdoor activities in the evening that increases informal surveillance of the neighborhood. Lighting may increase crime by increasing the number of people walking at night, thus enabling potential offenders to observe their vulnerability for robbery or sexual assault. Better lit streets might also draw youth from other areas to congregate in well-lit areas. The complexity of the decision about whether to install street lighting is noted by the most recent review of lighting studies. It concludes that the effects are likely to be greater if the existing lighting is poor and if the improvement in lighting is considerable. The effects may also vary by the characteristics of the area or the residents, the design of the area, the design of the lighting, and the places that are illuminated. A review of the use police have made of improved street lighting describes projects that have focused on crime and disorder in deprived, rundown neighborhoods. Also discussed are the practicalities of improving lighting, such as cost and funding sources, the selection of appropriate lighting, and objections by residents and others. A checklist of decisionmaking tasks addresses analysis of the problem, formulation of a plan, getting support, implementing the plan, and assessing effectiveness. 2 boxes, 2 tables, 12 endnotes and 13 references
Main Term(s): Community policing
Index Term(s): Lighting ; Decisionmaking ; Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) programs ; Crime prevention planning ; Problem-Oriented Policing
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS)
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Grant Number: 2006-CK-WX-K003
Publication Number: ISBN 1-932582-91-6
Sale Source: Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS)
US Dept of Justice
Two Constitutional Square
145 N Street, N.E.
Washington, DC 20530
United States of America
Type: Technical Assistance
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Problem-Oriented Guides for Police Response Guides Series, No.8
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