skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 226497   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Systems Change Analysis of SANE Programs: Identifying the Mediating Mechanisms of Criminal Justice System Impact
  Document URL: PDF (Final Report) PDF (Project Summary) PDF (Tool Kit) 
  Author(s): Rebecca Campbell Ph.D. ; Deborah Bybee Ph.D. ; J. Kevin Ford Ph.D. ; Debra Patterson Ph.D.
  Date Published: 01/2009
  Page Count: 201
  Annotation: This project determined whether adult sexual assault cases in a midwestern community were more likely to be investigated and prosecuted after the implementation of a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) program; and if so, the “critical ingredients” of the SANE program that contributed to this effect.
  Abstract: The 12-year analysis of sexual-assault case legal outcomes found that more of these cases were resolved through guilty pleas or convictions after the implementation of the SANE program, and the researchers were reasonably sure these changes could be attributed to the program rather than other factors. SANEs impact was related to two factors. First, the SANE program identified and preserved high-quality medical forensic evidence and provided ongoing case consultation with criminal justice practitioners. Police and prosecutors knew that if a case went to court, SANEs would not only be available to testify, but would also be proficient expert witnesses who could explain the exam findings to a judge or jury. With this supportive base of evidence and assurance of expert support, police gained more confidence in the quality of their investigations, e.g., having more evidence available and more qualified medical personnel available for interviews. Consequently, in the post-SANE era, it was more likely that prosecutors had stronger cases for plea negotiations or trial. Second, SANEs had an important indirect role in preparing sexual assault survivors to participate in the legal processing of their case. By providing sexual assault survivors with services, referrals, and information pertinent to their emotional and physical health, SANEs helped the survivors to gain confidence in their capacity to meet the challenges of participation in the criminal justice processing of their cases. The project involved six separate and interrelated studies. The methods and results of each of the studies are presented in this report. 10 figures, 9 tables, 106 references, and appended data-collection instruments
  Main Term(s): Criminology
  Index Term(s): Evidence collection ; Expert witnesses ; Sexual assault ; Victim services ; Victim medical assistance ; Sexual assault victims ; Rape investigations ; Case processing
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2005-WG-BX-0003
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Program/Project Evaluation
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: See NCJ-226498 and NCJ-226499 for the Project Summary and Practitioners Toolkit
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.