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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 226733 Find in a Library
Title: Evidence-Based Practice: Principles for Enhancing Correctional Results in Prisons
Author(s): Ralph C. Serin
Date Published: December 2005
Page Count: 45
Sponsoring Agency: Crime and Justice Institute
Boston, MA 02116
National Institute of Corrections
Washington, DC 20534
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 05C45GJI3
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Crime and Justice Institute
355 Boylston Street
Boston, MA 02116
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper presents principles for using research-based methods ("evidence-based practice") in cooperative efforts between prisons and community corrections in ensuring risk-reduction through correctional programming that is efficient and effective.
Abstract: Under the vision presented, prisons are responsible for preparing inmates to return to their communities with a lowered risk for recidivism and an improved quality of life, which requires prison administrators and staff to form teams with community corrections agencies. A key theme of this paper is that effective correctional principles can help in the establishment and operations of community corrections and prisons as members of a corrections team that applies evidence-based practice (EBP). EBP is the body of research and replicable clinical knowledge that describes contemporary correctional assessment, programming, and supervision strategies that produce improved correction outcomes related to the rehabilitation of offenders and increased public safety. The introductory section of the paper discusses the importance of transition from prison to the community in determining corrections outcomes for offenders and the importance of applying EBP in achieving an effective transition. An overview of prison EBP research findings is presented, with attention to prison classification. It notes that prison classification is a specialized risk assessment that ideally uses both static and dynamic factors to facilitate prison adjustment and develop a treatment plan that will decrease the risk of recidivism upon release into the community. Issues important in EBP in correctional programming are the identification of each offender's criminogenic needs (needs linked to criminal behaviors); the use of proven selection and training methods for staff; and the design, delivery, and evaluation of innovative programs as well as programs proven effective in other jurisdictions after rigorous evaluations. The paper concludes with a review of key issues that may impact the implementation of EBP in prison. 1 table, 2 figures, 62 references, and appended EBP principles for effective correctional practice and the measurement of inmate competencies
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Inmate classification; Interagency cooperation; Post-release programs; Prerelease programs; Prison management; Research uses in policymaking
Note: Downloaded April 29, 2009
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=248729

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