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NCJ Number: NCJ 226781   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Impulsivity, Offending, and the Neighborhood: Investigating the Person-Context Nexus
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Gregory M. Zimmerman Ph.D.
Date Published: 04/2009
Page Count: 145
  Annotation: This dissertation focuses on how personal characteristics in interaction with environmental characteristics influence delinquent behaviors by examining how an important personal characteristic, impulsivity, is related to offending in Chicago neighborhoods with different characteristics.
Abstract: The study found that over time, higher levels of impulsivity were associated with higher levels of property and violent offending. There was also evidence of an amplification process whereby the effects of impulsivity on offending were enhanced in neighborhoods with higher levels of socioeconomic status (SES). Further, the effects of impulsivity were enhanced in neighborhoods with higher levels of collective efficacy and lower levels of criminogenic behavior settings and pro-criminal definitions. A social process risk composite (i.e., an index of collective efficacy, criminogenic behavioral setting, and pro-criminal definitions) reduced the effects of socioeconomic status on the slope of impulsivity. Impulsivity consists of a predisposition toward a wide range of antisocial behaviors rather than toward a single act (Gottfredson and Hirschi, 1990; Wilson and Herrnstein, 1985). Other features of impulsivity are rapid, unplanned actions without forethought or the conscious deliberation of an act and its potential consequences (Moeller et al., 2001). The findings of the current study suggest that the individual characteristic of impulsivity becomes a more prominent factor in delinquent behavior when community characteristics that would foster antisocial behaviors are limited and informal social controls on behavior are strongest. In high-risk neighborhoods, on the other hand, multiple environmental criminogenic factors such as peer influences and the modeling of criminal behavior assumes such importance that impulsivity as an individual factor assumes less importance. The Project of Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods was used to develop multivariate, multilevel item response models to examine whether the effects of impulsivity on offending were amplified in lower risk neighborhoods. 12 tables, 14 figures, and 202 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Environmental quality ; Environmental influences ; Informal social control ; Juvenile personality characteristics ; NIJ final report ; Neighborhood
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2008-IJ-CX-0006
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Dissertation submitted to the University at Albany, State University of New York for Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy
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