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NCJ Number: NCJ 227501   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Development and Evaluation of a Whole Genome Amplification Method for Accurate Multiplex STR Genotyping of Compromised Forensic Casework Samples
Author(s): Tracey Dawson Cruz
Date Published: 2008
Page Count: 83
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2005-DA-BX-K002
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report describes the procedures and outcome of efforts to increase the accuracy of multiplex STR genotyping of low copy number (LCN) DNA evidence (100 pg or less), using degenerate oligonucleotide-primed PCR (DOP-PCR), which is one form of whole genome amplification (WGA).
Abstract: The method developed significantly improved STR allele success with LCN DNA samples when compared to traditional STR analysis without preamplification. It produced strong partial or full profiles in many cases in which little to no STR data was previously obtained. Data quality was generally equivalent or superior to traditional STR analysis. The proposed method will provide the forensic DNA community with a relatively easy, inexpensive alternative for analyzing compromised and/or LCN DNA evidence. Data from preliminary studies that used the DOP-PCR preamplification technique showed small increases in STR allele amplification; however, stochastic issues that affected data interpretation were prevalent. This led to the development of a modified DOP-PCR technique (dcDOP-PCR). Experiments included varying the number of nonspecific cycles in the initial phase of the DOP-PCR reaction, as well as altering the degeneracy of the DOP-PCR primer and adding proofreading polymerases to the reaction mixture. Data generated under these experimental conditions were compared to data collected by using the standard DOP-PCR approach, which includes a 6N degenerate primer, five nonspecific cycles and Taq polymerase only. The 10N degenerate primer, 12 nonspecific cycles, and the addition of DeepVent proofreading enzyme in the DOP-PCR reaction all significantly increased the number of alleles successfully amplified and detected. Further, these modifications, when combined, lowered the rate of sporadic additional allele occurrence (drop-in) when compared to the previous DOP-PCR results. Additionally, intra-locus heterozygote peak ratios were consistently 0.6 or greater for most LCN DNA samples examined. 11 tables, 21 figures, 55 references, and a listing of publications that disseminate the research findings
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Evidence identification and analysis ; Forensics/Forensic Sciences ; Investigative techniques ; DNA fingerprinting ; NIJ final report
   
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https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=249505

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