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NCJ Number: 227646 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Alcohol Outlets as Attractors of Violence and Disorder: A Closer Look at the Neighborhood Environment
Author(s): Caterina Gouvis Roman; Shannon E. Reid; Avinash S. Bhati; Bogdan Tereshchenko
Corporate Author: The Urban Institute
United States of America
Date Published: April 2008
Page Count: 156
Sponsoring Agency: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
NLECTC Small, Rural, Tribal and Border Regional Ctr
Somerset, KY 42501
The Urban Institute
Washington, DC 20037
Grant Number: 2006-IJ-CX-0012
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Research Paper
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report investigates the relationship between alcohol availability, type of alcohol establishment, distribution policies, and violence and disorder.
Abstract: This report investigates the relationship between alcohol availability, type of alcohol establishment, distribution policies, and violence and disorder at the block group level in the District of Columbia. The authors test whether density of alcohol outlets, both on-premise and off-premise, influence aggravated assault incidents and calls for service for social “disorder” offenses and/or domestic violence incidents. Outcome variations are examined by time of day/day of week and an information theoretic approach is used to estimate spatial econometric regression models. The research findings indicate that: on-premise outlets, but not off-premise outlets, are a significant predictor of aggravated assault incidents; concentrations of both on-premise and off-premise outlets are associated with high levels of violence and disorderly conduct; and off-premise outlets are associated with a significant increase in domestic violence incidents, but on-premise outlets (specifically restaurants and nightclubs) are associated with a decrease in domestic violence. The report concludes with a discussion of implications for crime and community-level alcohol prevention efforts.
Main Term(s): Alcohol-crime relationship
Index Term(s): Aggravated assault; Alcohol-Related Offenses; Disorderly conduct; District of Columbia; Domestic assault; Domestic violence causes
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