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NCJ Number: 228397 Find in a Library
Title: Estimating a Dose-Response Relationship Between Length of Stay and Future Recidivism in Serious Juvenile Offenders
Journal: Criminology  Volume:47  Issue:3  Dated:August 2009  Pages:699-740
Author(s): Thomas A. Loughran; Edward P. Mulvey; Carol A. Schubert; Jeffrey Fagan; Alex R. Piquero; Sandra H. Losoya
Date Published: August 2009
Page Count: 42
Sponsoring Agency: Arizona Governor's Justice Cmssn

Ctr's for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Atlanta, GA 30333
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Chicago, IL 60603
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Pennsylvania Cmssn on Crime and Delinquency
Harrisburg, PA 17108-1167
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Princeton, NJ 08543
William Penn Foundation
Philadelphia, PA 19103
William T. Grant Foundation
New York, NY 10022
Grant Number: R01DA019697
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In attempt to find the level of punishment and/or treatment within the juvenile justice system that maximizes the public safety benefits of confinement, this study examined how serious juvenile offenders respond to placement and longer stays out of the community.
Abstract: Results of the study suggest that an overall null effect of placement exists on future rates of rearrest or self-reported offending for serious juvenile offenders. In addition, it was found that for the group placed out of the community, it was apparent that little or no marginal benefit existed for longer lengths of stay. The research results showed a general lack of support for lengthy periods of placement and indirectly underscored the movement toward increased use of non-placement/community-based alternatives. The effect of sanctions on subsequent criminal activity is of central theoretical importance in criminology. However, a key question for juvenile justice policy is the degree to which serious juvenile offenders respond to sanctions and/or treatment administered by the juvenile court. The policy question germane to this debate was finding the level of confinement within the juvenile justice system that maximizes public safety. To address this question, this study utilized longitudinal data from the Pathways to Desistance Study consisting of a large sample of serious juvenile offenders. The goal of the analyses was to identify two related yet distinct treatment effects: (1) the effect of placement and (2) the marginal effect of length of stay in placement. Tables, figures, references, and appendix
Main Term(s): Effects of juvenile imprisonment
Index Term(s): Deterrence effectiveness; Incarceration; Juvenile Corrections/Detention; Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Juvenile offenders; Punishment
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