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NCJ Number: 228992 Find in a Library
Title: Penalty Notices for Disorder: Influences on Police Decision Making
Journal: Journal of Experimental Criminology  Volume:5  Issue:4  Dated:December 2009  Pages:399-428
Author(s): Samantha Coates; Paula Kautt; Katrin Mueller-Johnson
Date Published: December 2009
Page Count: 30
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study explored the circumstances under which police decide between arrest and issuing a penalty notice for disorder (PND) when dealing with offenders exhibiting lower level disorderly behavior.
Abstract: The analysis showed that, while police decisionmaking was influenced significantly by a variety of expected factors, not all of the initial hypotheses were supported. At the same time, additional analyzes uncovered significant interactions, most notably between offender intoxication and abusive behavior. Examination of how various factors, such as intoxication, come together to influence an officer’s choice to issue a penalty notice for disorder (PND) or make an arrest will assess both the utility of this new, innovative response to disorder and provide important insight into how officers render decisions. Several hypotheses were tested using a mixed methods approach to assess what affected officers’ on-the-street choice either to arrest or to issue a penalty notice for disorder (PND) in response to disorderly behavior. Tables, appendixes, and references
Main Term(s): Police decisionmaking
Index Term(s): Arrest and apprehension; Behavior patterns; Disorderly conduct; Drunk offenders; Police discretion
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