skip navigation

Justinfo Subscribe to Stay Informed

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


NCJRS Abstract


Subscribe to Stay Informed
Want to be in the know? JUSTINFO is a biweekly e-newsletter containing information about new publications, events, training, funding opportunities, and Web-based resources available from the NCJRS Federal sponsors. Sign up to get JUSTINFO in your inbox.

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 229023   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Managing Drug Involved Probationers with Swift and Certain Sanctions: Evaluating Hawaii's HOPE
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Angela Hawken Ph.D. ; Mark Kleiman Ph.D.
Date Published: 12/2009
Page Count: 67
  Annotation: This report describes an evaluation of a community supervision strategy for substance-abusing probationers called Hawaii Opportunity Probation with Enforcement (HOPE), which began as a pilot program in October 2004 and has expanded to more than 1,500 participants (approximately 1 out of 6 felony probationers in Oahu).
Abstract: The evaluation found that HOPE's goals - reductions in drug use, new crimes, and incarceration - have been achieved, both in the initial pilot program among high-risk probationers and in the randomized controlled trial among general-population probationers. Compared to probationers assigned to probation-as-usual, probationers assigned to HOPE had large reductions in positive drug tests and missed appointments, and they were significantly less likely to be arrested during follow-up at 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months. HOPE probationers averaged approximately the same number of days in jail for probation violations, serving more but shorter terms than those assigned to probation-as-usual. HOPE participants spent approximately one-third as many days in prison on revocations or new convictions. The core feature of HOPE was a mandate to abstain from illicit drugs, with lapses met with swift and certain sanctions preceded by a clear and direct warning. Unlike most diversion programs and drug courts, HOPE does not attempt to impose drug treatment on every participant. Probationers are sentenced to drug treatment only if they continue to test positive for drug use, or if they request a treatment referral. HOPE is distinct from drug courts in using treatment and court resources efficiently, with probationers appearing before a judge only when a violation is detected. The process evaluation found that HOPE was implemented largely as intended. Sanctions were delivered swiftly and with certainty. The evaluation focused on 940 HOPE participants and 77 probationers assigned to probation-as-usual. 2 tables, 14 figures, 24 references, and appended supplementary tables, example of a warning hearing, and summary of results of the randomized controlled trial of HOPE
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Drug abuse ; Probation or parole services ; Probation conditions ; Drug treatment ; Drug offenders ; Probation evaluation ; Probation casework ; Probation effectiveness ; NIJ final report ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Hawaiian Islands
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2007-IJ-CX-0033
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: See NCJ 230444 for Executive Summary.
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.