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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 229285     Find in a Library
Title: Subway Train-Related Fatalities in New York City: Accident Versus Suicide
Author(s): Peter T. Lin, M.D. ; James R. Gill, M.D.
  Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:54  Issue:6  Dated:November 2009  Pages:1414 to 1418
Date Published: 11/2009
Page Count: 5
  Annotation: This analysis of the characteristics of 211 subway train-related fatalities in New York City between January 1, 2003, and May 31, 2007, focused on the identification of factors that are useful in differentiating accidents from suicides.
Abstract: The study found that 111 cases were certified as suicides, 76 as accidents, 20 undetermined, and 4 as homicides. Eyewitness accounts were found to be the most useful factor in determining the manner of subway train-related deaths. A detailed eyewitness description of a descedent jumping into the path of a train or lying down on the tracks is compelling evidence of suicidal intent in most circumstances. The finding that suicide had a higher rate of eyewitness accounts than accidents may be a reflection of the requirement to demonstrate intent in order to certify a death as a suicide. Without evidence of clear suicidal intent, these deaths typically would be certified as accidents or cause undetermined. A suicide note also provides compelling evidence of suicidal intent; however, a suicide note was found in only 6 percent of the suicides. This may be a reflection of the impulsiveness of these suicides. A history of psychiatric illness may also help differentiate between suicide and accident. A history of depression and/or an unspecified psychiatric illness was more commonly identified in suicides than accidents. A history of substance abuse was more common in accidents. A likelihood that the decedent was delusional and psychotic may not meet the definition of suicide (intent to die), and may be more properly certified as an accident or undetermined. Also, certain physical injuries such as decapitation and torso transection were more indicative of suicide. Toxicology results, particularly the detection of ethanol and cocaine, tended to be associated with accidental deaths. Age and sex were not helpful in distinguishing between accidental and suicidal deaths. 3 tables, 4 figures, and 16 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Accident investigation ; Suicide ; Comparative analysis ; Transportation ; Forensics/Forensic Sciences ; Investigative techniques ; Subways ; Suicide causes ; Accidental killings ; New York
Publisher URL: 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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