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NCJ Number: NCJ 231166   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Process and Outcome Evaluations of the Poarch Band of Creek Indians Drug Court
Author(s): Karen Gottlieb, Ph.D., J.D.
Date Published: 12/2005
Page Count: 107
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2001-DC-BX-0500
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
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Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents the methodology, findings, and recommendations of an evaluation of the drug court of the Poarch Band of Creek Indians, located in southwestern Alabama near the Florida border.
Abstract: The outcome component of the evaluation found no statistically significant relationship between completion status and recidivism; graduates were as likely to reoffend as the terminated participants; however, graduates were slower to reoffend than terminated participants. Although the pre-drug court recidivism rate of participants is not known, the recidivism rate of 50 percent after 3 years for those no longer in the program indicates that not all participants reoffended. The positive changes - increases in self-esteem and decreases in substance abuse behavior - seen in many of the participants indicates successful rehabilitation was achieved for some. The drug court’s strengths were determined to outweigh the weaknesses. Strengths included a core team with stability, compassion, and commitment to the program; the integration of a cultural program with the drug court; treatment incorporated as a structure in participants’ lives; intensive monitoring during the first phase; and the combining of the roles of counselor and probation officer. Improvement in the court could be achieved by integrating treatment with a steering committee that would include tribal and community leaders. This would extend the ownership of the court to the community. Some program weaknesses were poor communication between treatment providers and the team; irregular scheduling of staff meetings; the absence of tribal leaders or elders on the team; lack of enforcement of program requirements; and no individualized, is currently a mature drug court. At the time of the evaluation (2005), it had admitted 28 participants with alcohol and drug-related offenses. Fifteen of the participants graduated, 8 were terminated, and 5 were current participants. 18 tables and 1 reference
Main Term(s): Drug Courts
Index Term(s): Indian justice ; Tribal court system ; Drug treatment programs ; Indian affairs ; American Indians ; Drug treatment ; Drug offenders ; Recidivism statistics ; Treatment effectiveness ; NIJ final report ; Alabama ; Tribal Courts
   
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