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NCJ Number: NCJ 231195   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Geometric Morphometric Tools for the Classification of Human Skulls
Author(s): Ann H. Ross, Ph.D. ; Dennis E. Slice, Ph.D. ; Shanna E. Williams, Ph.D.
Date Published: 2010
Page Count: 59
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2005-MU-BX-K078
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This project developed population-specific classification criteria and associated software to assist forensic scientists in the characterization of human skulls.
Abstract: The project compiled a population database derived from three-dimensional landmark coordinate data of human cranial material that will aid in future victim identifications. It also developed a validated population-specific procedure for the classification of unknown individuals. In addition, it developed cross-platform software for the use in forensic applications of human identification. The project compiled a database (n=1,086) of craniofacial three-dimensional landmark coordinate data that will aid in future victim identification, and integrated this information into task-specific software for the assignment of membership probabilities in previously defined sex and ancestral groups to unknown remains. Three-dimensional coordinates of 75 craniofacial landmarks were collected from skeletal collections of European, African, and Hispanic populations. The research results have been and will continue to be reported at forensic conferences and in peer-reviewed literature. The core software, 3-D-ID, which was developed as part of this project will be made available to the forensic and research communities. The software provides a classification of an unknown specimen into a probable sex and ancestral affiliation with one or more likely populations, including allowances for fragmentary and damaged specimens. The software can be downloaded from the Web (http://www.3d-id.org/index.html). 14 figures, 7 tables, 51 references, and appended original craniofacial landmarks
Main Term(s): Technology transfer
Index Term(s): Computer aided operations ; Victim identification ; Computer software ; Bone analysis ; Death investigations ; NIJ final report
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=253252

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