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NCJ Number: NCJ 232073   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Development and Implementation of Forensic Science Research and Training Programs at the University at Albany's Northeast Regional Forensic Institute (NERFI)
Author(s): Donald D. Orokos, Ph.D. ; John Hicks, M.P.A. ; Igor Lednev, Ph.D. ; Ron Stevens ; Tomek Strzalkowski, Ph.D. ; Sanjay Goel, Ph.D.
Date Published: 09/2010
Page Count: 255
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2008-DD-BX-K301
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This grant funded the University at Albany’s Northeast Regional Forensic Institute’s (NERFI's) exploration of novel concepts in the forensic sciences as well as the development and implementation of various professional development training programs for the criminal justice community.
Abstract: In one of the funded research projects, near-infrared (NIR) Raman spectroscopy was used to measure spectra of dried human semen samples from multiple donors. Although no single spectrum could effectively represent an experimental Raman spectrum of dry semen in a quantitative way, the combination of the three spectral components could be considered to be a spectroscopic signature for semen. Another funded project evaluated the use, impact, and effectiveness of forensic evidence in the courtroom. The preliminary results indicated that forensic evidence played a critical role in some of the cases and investigations reviewed under this project. In addition, 80 first responders were trained in the proper collection, handling, and storage of biological evidence. Also, funding was used to purchase equipment from Porter-Lee, updating existing technology that maximized the ability of law enforcement investigators to process crime scenes in the most efficient and effective manner, as well as to permit real-time access to uniform evidence inventory and management files by the prosecutor and police. Another project, the ChatMinder project, involved a study of the dialogs that occur in online chat rooms. The technology used is an important advance in automated human-computer communication with potential applications in cross-cultural social modeling, advertising, law enforcement, and national security. Under the grant’s Capitol Region Cyber Crime Partnership project, a suite of tools was used to collect data from open sources, analyze text data, and correlate information from multiple sources, including sexual predator behavior and detecting attacks on the network. NERFI’s Leadership Assessment workshops were attended by forensic scientists from across the United States. 8 figures and approximately 100 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Suspect identification ; Blood/body fluid analysis ; Computer related crime ; Rape investigations ; Forensics/Forensic Sciences ; Investigative techniques ; Court procedures ; DNA fingerprinting ; NIJ grant-related documents
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=254153

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