skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 233269 Find in a Library
Title: Locked Up and Locked Out: An Educational Perspective on the U.S. Prison Population
Author(s): Richard J. Coley; Paul E. Barton
Corporate Author: Educational Testing Service
United States of America
Date Published: 2006
Page Count: 34
Sponsoring Agency: Educational Testing Service
Ewing, NJ 08628
Sale Source: Educational Testing Service
225 Phillips Boulevard
Ewing, NJ 08628
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents a broad perspective on the U.S. prison population and offers judgments about the status of prison education programs.
Abstract: It examines the size and characteristics of the Nation’s prison population. The size of the U.S. prison population continues to expand, even as the crime rate shrinks. Most inmates are poorly educated, and as the prison population grows, the investment in education and training for inmates is not keeping pace. This declining investment in inmate education does not reflect the increasing body of research that shows education and training programs to be critical in elevating the employment prospects of released prisoners and also in reducing recidivism. The report also notes that there are minimal State data on prisoner education in terms of enrollments, completions, degrees received, test scores, etc. Another conclusion of this report is that the incarceration of young Black males, particularly high school dropouts, has reached levels that jeopardize the achievement of broader social justice goals. The ultimate conclusion of this report is that the United States has not increased its investments in correctional education while expanding the prison population under a policy of “getting tough on crime.” The Nation’s leaders and policymakers must recognize that providing prisoners with the education and job skills they need to change the direction of their lives can prevent recidivism and save scarce resources over the long term. 14 figures and 5 tables
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Cost/Benefit Analysis; Criminal justice system analysis; Criminal justice system planning; Criminal justice system policy; Inmate academic education; Inmate Education Assistance Programs; Punishment
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.