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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 234319 Find in a Library
Title: Arrest in the United States, 1980-2009
Author(s): Howard N. Snyder, Ph.D.
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: September 2011
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF|Text
Agency Summary: 
Type: Statistics
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents national estimates of arrests and arrest rates during the 30-year period from 1980 to 2009, based on data from the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting Program.
Abstract: The arrest rate for murder in 2009 was approximately half that in the early 1980s; the adult arrest rate for murder decreased 57 percent, and the juvenile arrest rate fell 44 percent. From 1980 to 2009, the Black forcible-rape arrest rate declined 70 percent; the White arrest rate fell 31 percent. In 1980, the arrest rate for aggravated assault by males was eight times greater than the arrest rate for females; by 2009, the arrest rate for males had decreased to four times the rate for females. The arrest rate for males was almost the same in 1980 and 2009, but the arrest rate for females doubled over this period. The arrest rate for burglary declined 57 percent between 1980 and 2009. Over the same period, the arrest rate for men for burglary declined 61 percent, and the arrest rate of females for burglary remained essentially the same. In 1980, arrest of juveniles composed 38 percent of all larceny-theft arrests; by 2009, this percentage had decreased to 24 percent. The arrest rate for adults in larceny-theft cases was the same in 2009 as in 1980. In 1980, 22 percent of all arrests for drug law violations were for drug sales or manufacture. This proportion peaked in 1991 at 36 percent and declined to 19 percent by 2009. Between 1980 and 2009, although the adult arrest rate for drug possession or use increased 138 percent, the arrest rate for juveniles increased 33 percent. Similarly, from 1980 to 2009, the increase in the arrest rate for drug sales or manufacture was greater for adults (77 percent) than for juveniles (31 percent). 44 figures and 6 tables
Main Term(s): Arrest statistics
Index Term(s): Juvenile arrest statistics; Offender statistics; Offense statistics; Police statistics; Property crime statistics; Violent crime statistics
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