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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 235187 Find in a Library
Title: Appeals of Civil Trials Concluded in 2005
Author(s): Thomas H Cohen, J.D., Ph.D.; Donald J Farole, Jr., Ph.D.
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: October 2011
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF|Text
Agency Summary: 
Type: Report (Annual/Periodic)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined civil trials concluded in State trial courts in 2005 with judgments or verdicts later appealed to an intermediate appellate court or court of last resort.
Abstract: Study findings provide national-level estimates of the effect of appellate court litigation on outcomes of civil trials. Highlights include: plaintiffs and defendants appealed 3,970 (15 percent) of the 26,950 tort, contract, and real property bench and jury trials concluded in State trial courts in 2005; nearly half (44 percent) of trials with damage awards of $1 million or more were appealed; in comparison, appeals were filed in less than a fifth of trials with no damages (14 percent); 61 percent of civil appeals were decided on the merits, while the remainder were dismissed or withdrawn; the trial court verdict or judgment was fully or partly reversed in 35 percent of civil appeals decided on the merits; trials with damage awards of $100,000 or more were reversed at a higher rate than trials with no damage awards; the average case processing time for appeals decided on the merits was 14 months, while appeals that were dismissed or withdrawn were disposed on average within 6 months. Cases were tracked through the appellate process from 2005 to 2010; data were collected from the administrative files of 84 appellate courts in 35 States. These courts received appeals for the cases disposed by courts sampled in 2005. Details were provided on the characteristics of general civil bench and jury trials appealed; the frequency with which appellate courts affirmed, reversed, or modified trial court outcomes; and the length of time it took to dispose of civil trials on appeal. Tables and figures
Main Term(s): Trials
Index Term(s): Appeal procedures; Court statistics; Criminal justice statistics
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