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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 236305     Find in a Library
  Title: U.S. Gang Problem Trends and Seriousness, 1996-2009
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): James C. Howell ; Arlen Egley Jr. ; George E. Tita ; Elizabeth Griffiths
  Corporate Author: National Gang Ctr (NGC)
United States of America
  Date Published: 05/2011
  Page Count: 23
  Annotation: This report presents new information on the long-term trend in street gang activity and violent crime in the United States.
  Abstract: This document provides professionals in the field of gangs with tools that can be used in a comprehensive range of strategies to respond to street gangs, from prevention and intervention to criminal justice strategies such as suppression, prosecution, and reentry. Analyses provided in this report find overwhelming evidence that gang violence rates have continued at exceptional levels over the past decade despite the remarkable overall crime drop. This study suggest that while fluctuations in the prevalence of gang activity are certainly evident since the mid-1990s to the present, much of this instability has occurred outside the largest U.S. cities where gang activity has remained concentrated and prevalence rates have remained nearly constant. In addition the seriousness of gang problems in these cities has not changed appreciably in this period. Two distinct groups of very large cities (with populations greater than 100,000 persons), together making up 70 percent of all large cities, consistently reported that between 20 and 40 percent of their homicides were gang-related from 1996 to 2009; and only one group, composed of less than one-quarter of the cities, exhibited very few to no gang homicides in the study period. Moreover, reported gang-related homicides in these cities increased 7 percent from 2005 to 2009. Figures, charts, maps, notes, references, and appendixes
  Main Term(s): Gangs
  Index Term(s): Crime Rate ; Crime patterns ; Crime measurement ; Crime typologies ; State crime statistics ; Gang violence
  Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America

Bureau of Justice Assistance
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2009-DG-BX-K114;2007-JV-FX-0008
  Sale Source: National Gang Ctr (NGC)
PO Box 12729
Tallahassee, FL 32317-2729
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: National Gang Center Bulletin, No. 6, May 2011
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=258300

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