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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 236825     Find in a Library
  Title: Rapid Microfluidic Human Specific DNA Quantitation
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Eugene Tan
  Corporate Author: NetBio Inc.
United States of America
  Date Published: 2011
  Page Count: 33
  Annotation: This research project developed a human-specific DNA quantitation module for incorporation into NetBio’s fully integrated microfluidic instrument and biochip, which are in development.
  Abstract: The project described in this report is part of NetBio’s application of microfluidic technology for the purpose of developing an STR analysis instrument that will perform DNA purification, multiplexed PCR amplification, and electrophoretic separation and detection. This fully integrated biochip and instrument will generate STR profiles in 45 minutes without user intervention. The research described in the current report consisted of three elements: the selection and optimization of a DNA quantitation assay; the design and development of instrumentation and microfluidic biochip of DNA quantitation; and the testing of the microfluidic quantitation system using forensic samples. The implementation of this research led to the development of microfluidic biochip endpoint PCR assays. They were evaluated based on assay performance - including time to completion, sensitivity, reproducibility, and dynamic range - ease of implementation in a microfluidic format, and costs. These results constitute a significant step in the development of a fully integrated STR instrument that can have widespread use in forensic laboratories. The microfluidic DNA quantitation system will be easy to operate and compatible with both forensic and microfluidic requirements. The dissemination strategy for the research results is described. 12 figures, 1 table, and 38 references
  Main Term(s): Police policies and procedures
  Index Term(s): Crime Laboratories (Crime Labs) ; Victim identification ; Suspect identification ; Efficiency ; Productivity ; Investigative techniques ; DNA fingerprinting ; NIJ final report
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2008-DN-BX-K009
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=258845

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