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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 236952     Find in a Library
Title: Respiratory and Cardiovascular Response During Electronic Control Device (ECD) Exposure in Law Enforcement Trainees
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Kristen M. VanMeenen, Ph.D. ; Marc H. Lavietes, M.D. ; Neil S. Cherniack, M.D. ; Michael T. Bergen, M.S. ; Ronald Teichman, M.D. ; Richard J. Servatius, Ph.D.
Date Published: 12/2011
Page Count: 33
  Annotation: Twenty-three law enforcement trainees were exposed to electronic control devices (ECDs) and then examined for the effects of this exposure on respiration or cardiovascular response during application.
Abstract: ECDs are widely used nationally and internationally by law enforcement officers as an alternative to lethal force in subduing an aggressive/resistant subject; however, little is known about the impact of ECD exposure on respiration, although recent observations suggest that some respiratory mechanisms may be momentarily impaired by the electrical discharge. The results show an absence of inspiratory movement during ECD exposure. Normal breathing resumed after the cessation of the ECD exposure. The results confirm previous work that shows ECD exposure does not apparently interfere with normal cardiac cycles in otherwise healthy law enforcement officers. Most trainees could recall either in the positive or negative their ability to breathe during ECD exposure. Only 2 of the 23 trainees reported that they did not attempt to breathe during the 5-second exposure; one of these reported holding his breath. Since the study focused on the ability of the trainees to breathe when exposed to ECD. Data from these two trainees were excluded from the study. Although three trainees reported that they were unsure about whether or not they tried to breathe, they were included in the analysis in so far as exposure to ECD may alter the ability to recall events during exposure. Forty-four percent of the trainees complied with the direction to try to sniff during ECD exposure. There was clear evidence that volitional breathing was difficult during the 5-second ECD exposure. Although a marked recovery was evident in inhalation and exhalation immediately upon ECD cessation, one trainee exhibited a similar degree of respiratory disruption during the 5-second period after ECD cessation. There was no evidence of cardiac disruption during an ECD application. 18 references
Main Term(s): Police weapons
Index Term(s): Less Lethal/ Nonlethal Weapons ; Biological influences ; Weapons handling safety guidelines ; Tasers ; NIJ final report
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2005-IJ-CX-K065
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Test/Measurement
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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