skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 238012 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Alternative Sentencing Policies for Drug Offenders: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Kansas Senate Bill 123, Final Report
Author(s): Don Stemen; Andres F. Rengifo
Date Published: March 2012
Page Count: 264
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 2006-IJ-CX-4032
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This National Institute of Justice final grant report evaluates the effectiveness of Kansas’s legislation authorizing alternative sentencing policies for drug offenders.
Abstract: This report provides an assessment of the effectiveness of Kansas Senate Bill 123 (SB 123), enacted in 2003 by the Kansas State Senate, which “created mandatory community-based supervision and drug treatment for nonviolent offenders convicted of a first or second offense of simple drug possession.” The assessment examined the bill’s combined impact on diversion, recidivism rates, and overall prison population rates, as well as its impact on the work routines of the State’s criminal justice system professionals and the bill’s implementation process. The assessment examined the effectiveness of SB 123 over its first 5 years of implementation and found that while offenders sentenced to SB 123 had lower incarceration and revocation filings at 12 months than those sentenced to standard supervision, by 24 months, the differences in recidivism measures had disappeared. It was also found that SB 123 increased the long-term odds of incarceration and revocation filings compared to court services. At the system level, SB 123 resulted in a slight reduction in drug possessors entering prison thus alleviating prison populations and reducing prison costs. These findings indicate that SB 123 has more of an impact at the system-level as compared to the individual-level. Successes noted from the implementation of SB 123 were the increased availability of better treatment programs for drug offenders, improved supervision and referral practices, improved revocation practices, and more open communication among criminal justice stakeholders at the State and local levels. Recommendations for improving SB 123 are discussed. Figures, tables, appendixes, and references
Main Term(s): Sentencing reform
Index Term(s): Drug offenders; Kansas; Mandatory Sentencing; Mixed sentences; NIJ grant-related documents; Sentencing factors; Sentencing guidelines
Note: For the executive summary see NCJ-238013.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.