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NCJ Number: NCJ 238264   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Justice Interventions for Offenders with Mental Illness: Evaluation of Mental Health Courts in Bronx and Brooklyn, New York
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Shelli B. Rossman ; Janeen Buck Willison ; Kamala Mallik-Kane ; KiDeuk Kim ; Sara Debus-Sherrill ; P. Mitchell Downey
Corporate Author: The Urban Institute
United States of America
Date Published: 02/2012
Page Count: 202
  Annotation: This report presents the findings and methodology of the evaluation of mental health courts (MHCs) in Bronx and Brooklyn (New York City).
Abstract: Findings from the process evaluation (how the courts operated) indicate there were key differences in the problem solving characteristics and orientation of the two mental health courts that could impact participant outcomes. The areas assessed in the process evaluation were judicial interaction and courtroom dynamics, participation levels of other courtroom actors, monitoring and testing, clinical assessment, treatment provider networks, treatment placement, referral mechanisms, and the use of rewards and sanctions. The evaluation’s impact analysis indicated that mental health court participants were significantly less likely to recidivate compared to similar offenders with mental illness who were processed under traditional court procedures. In addition, the individuals who reoffended were more likely to commit drug crimes than violent or property crimes. The extent of the impact differed across the two programs. Data are compared for the two courts on rearrest and reconviction. Still, the breakdown of offense type was similar for the treatment and comparison groups. In both evaluations, the treatment group had a better chance of refraining from recidivism than the comparison group and took longer than the comparison group to recidivate. Several avenues for future research are identified. Approximately 100 references, appended information on methodology, 8 figures, and 43 tables
Main Term(s): Court procedures
Index Term(s): Court statistics ; Court system ; Court structure ; Effectiveness ; Court standards ; NIJ final report ; New York ; Mental Health Courts
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Contract Number: ASP BPA 2004BF022
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: See NCJ-238265 for the executive summary.
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