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NCJ Number: 238562 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Anchorage Disproportionate Minority Contact Study
Author(s): André B. Rosay Ph.D.; Ronald S. Everett Ph.D.; Will Hurr
Date Published: October 2010
Page Count: 57
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 2005-IJ-CX-0013
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In examining juvenile minorities’ disproportionate contact with the juvenile justice system in Anchorage, AK, this study focused on contact at the referral stage, which occurs when law enforcement officers refer youth to the Alaska Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ).
Abstract: Five groups of youth were identified in the study cohort (n =1,936 youth referred to DJJ during fiscal year 2005). One consisted of youth with few referred charges (low delinquency group). The moderate delinquency group showed low levels of referrals from age 10 to 12, moderate levels of referrals at age 13 and 14, and low levels of referrals thereafter. The third group consisted of youth whose referral rate started to increase early, peaked at a high level, but began to decline by age 17 (early starters/desisters). Two other groups both showed signs of persistence, with one starting earlier than the other. The referral rate for the early starters/persisters began to increase at age 13, and the referral rate for the late starters/persisters began to increase at age 16. Neither group showed any signs of desistance by age 17. White youth were overrepresented in low delinquency trajectories, and Native youth were overrepresented in trajectories that showed higher rates of contact with DJJ. This shows that disproportionate minority contact was evidence by age 13. At that age, Native youth were already disproportionately referred to DJJ compared to White youth; therefore, interventions designed to reduce the disproportionate contact of Native youth must begin early, i.e., before age 13. On the other hand, Native youth were not disproportionately found in the two groups whose referral rate persisted. Native youth were disproportionately found in a group whose referral rate began to decrease at age 16. 16 tables, 8 figures, 32 references, and appended technical notes on relative empirical Bayes rate indexes
Main Term(s): Police juvenile diversion
Index Term(s): Aborigines; Alaska; Minority overrepresentation; NIJ final report; Police discretion; Police juvenile relations; Police-minority relations
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