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NCJ Number: NCJ 239234   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Changing Course: Preventing Gang Membership
  Document URL: HTML (ePub) HTML (MOBI) PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
  Editor(s): Thomas R. Simon, Ph.D. ; Nancy M. Ritter ; Reshma R. Mahendra, M.P.H.
Date Published: 2013
Page Count: 166
  Annotation: This book provides practitioners and policymakers with research-based information on why youth become involved in gangs and offers effective and promising strategies that prevent them from joining gangs, with a focus on the combined and cooperative efforts and resources of the public-health and public-safety sectors.
Abstract: The chapters offer six themes in broad, strategic actions that can counter gang-joining: build partnerships; use data; frame the issue; create a plan; implement the plan; and evaluate its effectiveness. The partnerships encompass agencies whose functions are in the broad domains of public health and public safety. The four components of the public-health sector’s involvement in preventing gang-joining are to describe and monitor the problem, to identify the risk and protective factors, to develop and evaluate prevention strategies, and to ensure widespread implementation. Public-health research and practice related to risk and protective factors encompasses the spheres of child development, family environment, school influence, community variables, and race/ethnicity factors. In the public-safety sector, the book’s focus is on law enforcement’s use of the SARA model, which is an acronym for scanning, analyzing, responding, and assessing the problem. These tasks encompass scanning the environment for crime problems, analyzing problems through multiple sources of information, developing a response, and assessing the effectiveness of the response. A separate chapter addresses how to prevent girls from joining gangs. The design, planning, and implementation of strategies to prevent gang-joining should include representatives from public-health and public-safety agencies. Personnel and financial resources from both of these sectors should be used in all phases of the strategies, including evaluations. Chapter notes and data
Main Term(s): Community crime prevention programs
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors ; Public Health Service ; Juvenile delinquency prevention ; Interagency cooperation ; Juvenile/Youth Gangs ; Family intervention programs ; Children at risk ; Parent-Child Relations ; Violence prevention ; Adolescents at risk ; Gang Prevention ; Gang violence
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

Ctr's for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
United States of America
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Overview Text
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: For the executive summary see NCJ-239233. For individual chapters see NCJ-243464-476.
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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