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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
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How to Obtain Documents
 
NCJ Number: NCJ 244050     Find in a Library
Title: Evading Justice: The Pervasive Nature of Witness Intimidation
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): John Wilkinson, J.D. ; Christopher Mallios, J.D. ; Rhonda Martinson, J.D.
Corporate Author: AEquitas
United States of America
Date Published: 03/2013
Page Count: 3
  Annotation: This overview of witness intimidation first defines it and then discusses the following related issues: the characteristics of perpetrators and targets, where witness intimidation occurs, how it impacts the criminal justice system, and what can be done to counter it.
Abstract: “Witness intimidation” can include “any conduct that discourages witnesses from meaningfully participating in the various stages of the criminal justice process.” Typically, the defendant in the case initiates witness intimidation in order to either keep the witness from testifying at trial or providing incriminating information to investigators. The witnesses targeted are those whom the perpetrator perceives as having incriminating information or observations that increase the likelihood he/she will be identified as a suspect, arrested, or be convicted of the crime. Intimidation can and has occurred wherever a victim, witness, or criminal justice practitioner is located. Intimidators will go anywhere that the target can be accessed, including where the target lives, works, or spends leisure time. Several studies have shown that witness intimidation does succeed in reducing meaningful participation in a case by victims and witnesses, resulting in decreased offender accountability, the undermining of the justice process, and a threat to public safety. Research on the nature, prevalence, and methods of witness intimidation must underlie the development of strategies to counter it. Traditional responses to witness intimidation include vigorous prosecutions, witness relocation programs, intensive monitoring of offenders, and upgrades in courtroom safety. In addition, witnesses and victims should be informed about the potential for intimidation; the importance of reporting it; methods that might be used; and the recording of times, places, events, and individuals involved in intimidation. 19 notes
Main Term(s): Court security
Index Term(s): Crime specific countermeasures ; Criminal methods ; Victim-witness intimidation ; BJA grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2010-MU-BX-K079
Sale Source: AEquitas
1100 H. Street, Suite 310
Washington, DC 20005
United States of America
Type: Instructional Material ; Technical Assistance
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Strategies in Brief, Issue 16, March 2013
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=266129

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