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NCJ Number: NCJ 244756   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Stigma, Race, Gender and Employment: An Expanded Assessment of the Consequences of Imprisonment for Employment
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Scott H. Decker, Ph.D. ; Cassia Spohn, Ph.D. ; Natalie R. Ortiz, M.S. ; Eric Hedberg, Ph.D.
Date Published: 2014
Page Count: 112
  Annotation: This 3-year study of the impact of a prison record on gaining employment after release involved two separate experiments and an employer survey.
Abstract: The study found that having a prison record has a dampening effect on job prospects for ex-inmates, particularly in the low-skill food service sector, which is a field where ex-prisoners are likely to seek employment during reentry. Consistent with prior research, the study found differences by race/ethnicity, with Blacks and Hispanics generally faring worse than Whites in gaining employment. Racial/ethnic differences were not as large for those seeking employment online compared with those applying in person. The employer survey found strong effects for criminal justice involvement, with employers expressing preferences for hiring individuals with no prior criminal justice contact. Employers associated prior prison time with a number of negative work-related characteristics, including tardiness and inability to get along with co-workers. This report recommends a number of policies regarding the job preparation application and interview process. Highlighted is the importance of preparing individuals in prison for the online world of job applications and resume creation. Other recommendations pertain to job preparation, application, and the interview process. One component of this study involved the submission of more than 6,000 online applications for entry-level jobs. The second component sent individuals (auditors) to apply for 60 jobs in-person. The third study component was a survey conducted among 49 employers, all of whom were included in the second component. Each of the first two experiments involved six different pairs of job applicants that consisted of Black men, Black women, Hispanic men, Hispanic women, White men, and White women. One member of each pair had a prison record included on their resume. In every other respect, the resumes were identical. 12 tables
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Ex-offender employment ; Employment services ; Prerelease programs ; Employer attitudes ; Post-release programs ; Racial discrimination ; Employment discrimination ; NIJ final report ; Reentry
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2010-MU-MU-0004
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Research (Applied/Empirical)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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