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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 247314   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Exams and VAWA 2005: Payment Practices, Successes, and Directions for the Future
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Author(s): Janine M. Zweig ; Lisa Newmark ; Darakshan Raja ; Megan Denver
  Corporate Author: Justice Policy Center at the Urban Institute
United States of America
  Date Published: 04/2014
  Page Count: 230
  Annotation: This study examined various features of States’ administration of sexual assault medical forensic exams (MFEs) and determined whether States are complying with the Federal Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) of 2005 in paying for MFEs regardless of whether the victim reports the sexual assault to law enforcement or cooperates with the criminal justice system in case processing.
  Abstract: Five themes emerged from the study’s findings. First, State victim compensation funds are the usual designated source of funding for MFEs across the United States. Second, with few exceptions in the jurisdictions involved in case studies for this report, sexual assault victims can receive MFEs and have them funded by the State without having to report the alleged assault to law enforcement. Survey respondents indicated this was occurring throughout the Nation. Third, there are still barriers to a sexual assault victim’s accessing a MFE, which prevents some victims from seeking medical help; this occurs most often with victims who identify as non-English speakers, immigrants, or American Indians. Fourth, most sexual assault victims who receive MFEs report the assaults to the police at the time of the exam. Of the victims who get MFEs but do not report the assault at the time of the exam, few convert their kits to reported cases at a later date. Fifth, having sufficient funds available to pay for MFEs is a major concern for many States. The study conducted national surveys of State victim compensation fund administrators, State STOP (Services, Training, Officers, Prosecutors) administrators, State-level sexual assault coalitions, and local sexual assault service providers. Case studies in six selected States examined how MFE procedures were implemented locally. 21 figures, 29 references, appended questionnaire and key questions in structured interviews with various stakeholders
  Main Term(s): Sexual assault victims
  Index Term(s): Victim compensation ; Funding sources ; Victim medical assistance ; Funding guidelines ; State-by-state analyses ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Violence Against Women Act
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2010-WG-GX-0011
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Justice Policy Center at the Urban Institute
2100 M. Street NW
Washington, DC 20037
United States of America
  Type: Survey ; Legislation/Policy Description ; Legislation/Policy Analysis
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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