skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 248336 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Assessing the Link Between Foreclosure and Crime Rates: A Multi-level Analysis of Neighborhoods Across Large U.S. Cities
Author(s): Eric P. Baumer; Kevin T. Wolff; Ashley N. Arnio; Joseph K. Chiapputo
Date Published: 2014
Page Count: 96
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2009-IJ-CX-0020
Document: PDF
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The primary purpose of this project was to evaluate the possible link between foreclosure and crime in America.
Abstract: Levels of foreclosure increased substantially in many American communities during the latter half of the 2000s, leading to widespread speculation that higher rates of crime might emerge as a result. The project addressed three specific questions: (1) Are levels of foreclosure significantly associated with crime rates across neighborhoods after controlling for other factors?; (2) Is any observed effect of foreclosure on neighborhood crime rates contingent on (i.e., moderated by) other neighborhood conditions, including preexisting structural disadvantage, pre-existing vacancy rates, or racial and ethnic context?; and (3) Does the effect of foreclosure rates on neighborhood crime levels vary across cities in systematic ways? The authors addressed these questions by integrating neighborhood-level data on robbery and burglary gathered from local police agencies across the U.S., foreclosure data from RealtyTrac, and a wide variety of social, economic, and demographic control variables from multiple sources. The analysis was based on more than 7,200 census tracts in over 60 large cities spread across 29 states. The authors addressed the core research questions with a series of multivariate multilevel and single-level regression models that account for the skewed nature of neighborhood crime patterns and the well-documented spatial dependence of crime. The study highlights the general importance of analyzing the consequences of neighborhood conditions in a comparative context, and it also suggests that researchers and policy makers should be cautious in drawing strong conclusions about the relationship between foreclosure and crime from research on a single city. While it was found that the foreclosure crisis yielded increases in burglary and robbery in some cities, in the vast majority of places this relationship is not evident. The authors call on future research that explores longer-term consequences within multiple cities in order to more fully assess the possible relationship.
Main Term(s): Crime Causes
Index Term(s): Crime rate studies; Foreclosure; National Institute of Justice (NIJ); Neighborhood; NIJ final report; NIJ Resources; Property Crime; Property crime causes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=270438

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.