skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 248544 Find in a Library
Title: Arrest-Related Deaths Program: Data Quality Profile
Author(s): Michael Planty; Andrea M. Burch; Duren Banks; Lance Couzens; Caroline Blanton; Devon Cribb
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: March 2015
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF|Text
Agency Summary: 
Type: Program/Project Description; Program/Project Evaluation; Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report provides an overview of the Arrest-Related Deaths (ARD) program of the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS); describes the data-collection methods used by State reporting coordinators (SRCs); and assesses the quality of the resulting data and coverage for eligible ARD cases that involve law enforcement homicides.
Abstract: Overall, the variation in methodologies used by SRCs resulted in a significant underestimate of the annual number of arrest-related deaths, including both homicides by law enforcement officers and other types of civilian deaths. Three key findings are reported. First, the national coverage of homicides by law enforcement officers captured in the ARD program improved from 2003 through 2011. This was partially due to the use of open-source searches that identified potential cases that were eligible for inclusion. Even with this improvement, however, from 31 percent to 41 percent of the estimated homicides by law enforcement personnel were not captured in the 2011 ARD data collection. Second, nationally the ARD program captured approximately 50 percent of the estimated law enforcement homicides during 2000-09 and 2011. Third, significant challenges exist because of the lack of standardized modes for data collection, definitions, scope, participation, and the availability of resources. 6 tables, 4 figures, 13 references, and 3 appendixes of supplementary information
Main Term(s): Police statistics
Index Term(s): Custody deaths; Data collection devices; Data collections; Deaths in Custody; Justifiable homicide; Police use of deadly force
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.