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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 248641 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Access to Transportation and Outcomes for Women on Probation and Parole
Author(s): Miriam N. Bohmert
Date Published: February 2015
Page Count: 118
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2013-IJ-CX-0041
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study used a mixed-methods sequential explanatory design of transportation access and its impact on recidivism for 402 women on probation and parole.
Abstract: The study found that the scope of transportation difficulties was extensive, based on women’s reporting of low levels of individual and community-level transportation resources. The study found that the relationship between transportation access and recidivism was moderately strong; access to transportation lowered the odds of recidivism events and the time until these events occurred. In addition, the study determined that transportation access was especially important in impacting recidivism for women with particular criminogenic needs, i.e., women with antisocial friends, histories of child maltreatment, need for greater family support, and need for greater self-efficacy. The study also determined that women parolees and probationers experienced 1 to 10 types of transportation problems, such as difficulty arranging rides, using inadequate bus services, and depending on unreliable people for transportation assistance. In addition, women were found to use several resources not previously identified, such as using agency-provided bus tokens. Other strategies that apparently relieved transportation difficulties were planning in advance for appointments with supervising officers, building extensive support networks, making use of several transportation modes, and having an understanding and non-punitive supervising officer. . The study involved both quantitative and qualitative phases. 16 tables, 2 figures, and 54 references
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Female offenders; NIJ final report; NIJ grant-related documents; NIJ Resources; Probation casework; Probation effectiveness; Probation or parole services; Recidivism causes; Transportation; Transportation services
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