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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 248951 Find in a Library
Title: Adult Sex Offender Management
Author(s): Christopher Lobanov-Rostovsky
Corporate Author: National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA)
United States of America
Date Published: July 2015
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA)
Washington, DC 20001
Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking (SMART)
Grant Number: 2010-DB-BX-K086
Document: PDF
Type: Factsheet; Issue Overview; Literature Review; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online); Factsheet
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This brief summarizes what is scientifically known about the effectiveness of various features of adult sex offender management, the policy implications of the research findings, existing gaps in knowledge, and unresolved controversies that require further research.
Abstract: The research review summarizes findings on the effectiveness of the following features of adult sex offender management: specialized supervision (the use of specially trained probation and parole officers who have caseloads of only sex offenders); use of the polygraph to reveal past sexual behavior and compliance with supervision conditions; electronic monitoring of an offender’s geographic location; circles of support and accountability (COSA); civil commitment; sex offender registration and notification; and residence restrictions. Based on this research review, the brief concludes that specialized supervision combined with treatment is apparently effective in reducing recidivism for adult sex offenders; the effectiveness of specialized supervision without treatment has not been found to be effective. The few studies of COSA have produced encouraging findings, but more research with rigorous evaluation designs is needed. The polygraph should only be used in conjunction with a comprehensive supervision and treatment approach. Research findings on the effectiveness of sex offender registration and notification in preventing recidivism are mixed, although public support for this system persists under the perception that it increases public safety. Regarding residence restrictions for sex offenders, the evidence is clear that it is ineffective in reducing recidivism and may even increase recidivism risk. 2 notes and 36 references
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Adult offenders; Case management; Electronic monitoring of offenders; Intensive supervision programs; Offender supervision; Parole effectiveness; Polygraphs; Probation effectiveness; Residential Restrictions for Sex Offenders; Sex Offender Registration; Sex offender treatment; Sex offenders
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