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NCJ Number: 248954 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Understanding the "Whys" Behind Juvenile Crime Trends
Corporate Author: University of Pennsylvania
Wharton School
Ctr for Studies in Criminology and Criminal Law
United States of America
Date Published: November 2012
Page Count: 170
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Grant Number: 2001-JN-FX-K001
Sale Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This publication is the product of a multiyear project funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) that identified and assessed the various explanations for the decrease in juvenile crime during the 1990s, so as to determine how useful these explanations could be in developing leading indicators of future trends in juvenile crime.
Abstract: An introductory chapter discusses the rationale for the project and presents overviews of subsequent chapters. This is followed by a chapter that provides the groundwork for the remaining chapters. This is done by using data from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) and the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) to describe national trends in serious juvenile crime for the years 1980 through 2004. The rate for serious juvenile crime hovered at about 300 arrests per 100,000 juveniles from 1980 through 1987, when it began steadily increasing to a peak of about 530 in 1993, when the trend reversed, returning to approximately 300 arrests per 100,000 by 2000, where it remained for the next several years. The next chapter accounts for trends in measurable conditions and processes in communities that contributed to these national trends. The five categories examined are the proportion of the population in demographic categories most at risk for offending; the extent and concentration of poverty in a community; the prevalence of dysfunctional family structures; social organization and informal social control; and employment opportunities. This is followed by a chapter that focuses on the cultural processes that influence families and, in turn, children’s involvement in delinquency. It discusses both risk and protective cultural factors in various domains. The concluding chapter includes evaluations of the impact of various public policies and practices on juvenile crime trends. Extensive tables and figures, chapter references, and appended supplementary material
Main Term(s): Juvenile crime statistical analysis
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prediction; Juvenile Delinquency prevention planning; Juvenile delinquency research; Trend analysis
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