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NCJ Number: 251116 Find in a Library
Title: Advocacy-based Mentoring Evaluation
Author(s): Michael J. Karacher; David A. Johnson
Corporate Author: University of Texas at Austin
United States of America
Date Published: December 2016
Page Count: 2
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
University of Texas at Austin
Austin, TX 78712
Grant Number: 2011-JU-FX-0001
Sale Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF (Final Report)|PDF (Research in Brief)
Type: Program/Project Description; Program/Project Evaluation; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Report (Summary); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the effectiveness of the Youth Advocate Programs, Inc. (YAP) advocacy-based approach to mentoring.
Abstract: YAP provides a non-residential, community-based program for court-referred youth who are at immediate risk of residential placement due to violent offenses or repeat property offenses. The mentoring focuses on the development of a trusting relationship between the youth and their mentors, as well as ensuring that youth fulfill their community service and other court mandates. This evaluation of YAP processes and outcomes focused on the programs in four cities (Camden, NJ; Las Vegas, NV; Lebanon, PA; and Toledo, OH). The evaluation’s goal was to determine whether this type of mentoring and treatment approach could reduce delinquency and other risky behaviors, as well as identify which program components were key factors in any positive changes. The study found that youth who participated in the YAP program experienced self-reported improvements in connectedness to school as reflected in increased academic engagement and also greater commitment to employment from program entry to discharge. Participants reported decreases in misconduct and crime engagement both during the treatment period and 12 months after discharge. The evaluation found that the timing and type of interactions engaged in between the mentor and youth best explained the reductions in youth misconduct. Engaging in recreational activities later in the relationship predicted reductions in misconduct. On the other hand, when mentors and youth engaged in casual and problem-focused discussions later in the relationship, it predicted more misconduct. Reductions in youths’ misconduct were also related to specific mentor characteristics. Benefits were greater with advocates/mentors who had been teachers and the mentors who were more educated. The study used a quasi-experimental design called a recurrent institutional cycle design, in which data from program graduates were compared to pre-treatment data collected from a different cohort prior to their participation in YAP. Extensive tables and figures, 31 references, and appended research instruments and supplementary data
Main Term(s): Serious juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Habitual offenders; Juvenile Mentoring Programs; Mentoring; Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP); OJJDP final report; Services effectiveness; Treatment effectiveness; Violent juvenile offenders
Note: Please see NCJ 250454 for the complete final report.
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