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NCJ Number: NCJ 036060     Find in a Library
Title: OPERATIONS RESEARCH METHODS - APPLIED TO POLITICAL SCIENCE AND THE LEGAL PROCESS
Author(s): S NAGEL ; M NEEF
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 76
Sponsoring Agency: Ford Foundation
United States of America

US Dept of Justice
LEAA
National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice
United States of America

University of Illinois
Law and Soc Program
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Publication Number: NO 07-002
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS MONOGRAPH DISCUSSES THE THREE MAIN OPERATIONS RESEARCH MODELS FOR ARRIVING AT DECISIONS THAT WILL OPTIMIZE SOME QUANTITATIVELY MEASURED GOAL - LINEAR PROGRAMMING, INVENTORY MODELING, AND DECISION THEORY.
Abstract: LINEAR PROGRAMMING OR LINEAR OPTIMIZING CAN BE DEFINED AS A GEOMETRIC OR ALGEBRAIC PROCEDURE WHEREBY ONE FINDS THE OPTIMUM ALLOCATION OF SOMETHING BETWEEN TWO OR MORE ALTERNATIVES IN LIGHT OF CERTAIN GOALS AND IN LIGHT OF GIVEN CONSTRAINTS OR CONDITIONS. INVENTORY MODELING CAN BE DEFINED AS A GEOMETRIC OR ALGEBRAIC PROCEDURE WHEREBY ONE FINDS THE OPTIMUM QUANTITY OR LOT SIZE IN A SITUATION WHERE DOING EITHER TOO MUCH OR TOO LITTLE WILL RESULT IN EXCESSIVE COSTS OR UNDULY LOW BENEFITS. DECISION THEORY IS DEFINED AS A GEOMETRIC OR ALGEBRAIC PROCEDURE WHEREBY ONE CHOOSES AMONG ALTERNATIVES IN ORDER TO MAXIMIZE GIVEN GOALS IN LIGHT OF PROBABILISTIC OR UNCERTAIN EVENTS. EXAMPLES OF LINEAR PROGRAMMING INCLUDE CHOOSING A MIX BETWEEN LAW REFORM AND CASE HANDLING IN OFFICE OF ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY LEGAL SERVICES PROGRAM. IN DISCUSSING INVENTORY MODELING, ONE OF THE ILLUSTRATIONS USED IS DETERMINING THE OPTIMUM LEVEL OF PRETRIAL PUBLICITY. ONE OF THE EXAMPLES USED TO ILLUSTRATE DECISION THEORY IS DECIDING WHETHER TO RELEASE OR HOLD A DEFENDANT PRIOR TO TRIAL. ONE ELEMENT THAT ALL THREE MODELS HAVE IN COMMON IN THEIR PROCEDURES IS THAT THEY EACH INVOLVE TWO OR MORE SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS OR INEQUALITIES THAT INTERSECT WHEN GRAPHED IN SUCH A WAY THAT THE POINTS OF INTERSECTION REPRESENT THE POINTS TOWARD WHICH THE BEHAVIOR OF AN INDIVIDUAL OR INDIVIDUALS TENDS TO MOVE OR SHOULD MOVE IF HE WANTS TO MAXIMIZE GIVEN GOALS. A FOUR-PAGE REFERENCE LIST IS INCLUDED.
Index Term(s): Mathematical models ; Research methods ; Judicial process ; Operations research ; Policy analysis
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=36060

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