skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 37681 Find in a Library
Title: VICTIMS OF CHANGE - JUVENILE DELINQUENTS IN AMERICA SOCIETY
Author(s): H FINESTONE
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 252
Sponsoring Agency: Greenwood Publishing Group
Westport, CT 06881-5007
Sale Source: Greenwood Publishing Group
88 Post Road West
P.O. Box 5007
Westport, CT 06881-5007
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW OF THE ROOTS OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN AMERICAN SOCIETY, THE HISTORY OF DELINQUENCY TREATMENT AND PREVENTION IN THE U.S.A., AND THE MAJOR THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES ON DELINQUENCY.
Abstract: JUVENILE DELINQUENCY, THE AUTHOR CONTENDS, HAS ITS ROOTS IN THE EXTENSIVE SOCIAL CHANGES WHICH TOOK PLACE IN AMERICA DURING THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. HE TRACES THE INITAL EFFORTS OF REFORMERS TO CONFRONT THIS PROBLEM, AND OUTLINES THE EMERGENCE OF A SEPARATE SYSTEM OF JUSTICE FOR JUVENILE DELINQUENTS. THE AUTHOR NOTES THAT AFTER THE TURN OF THE CENTURY, A THEORY OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY EMERGED WHICH STATED THAT DELINQUENCY WAS CAUSED BY A BREAKDOWN OF CONTROL OVER YOUTHS BY THE TRADITIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF SOCIETY. THIS THEORY PROPOSED BY SHAW AND MCKAY, LED TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROGRAMS WHICH 'REACHED OUT' TO YOUTHS TO PROVIDE ACCESS TO CONVENTIONAL INSTITUTIONS. THIS THEORY BECAME LESS APPROPRIATE DURING THE POST WORLD WAR II PERIOD, AND WAS REPLACED BY THE SUBCULTURAL THEORY WHICH HELD THAT DELINQUENCY WAS LARGELY THE RESULT OF STATUS-LINKED DEPRIVATION OF OPPORTUNITY. THE RESPONSE IN JUVENILE DELINQUENCY PROGRAMS WAS TO ATTEMPT TO OPEN CHANNELS OF UPWARD MOBILITY TO THE ADOLESCENTS TRAPPED IN URBAN POVERTY. FINALLY, BEGINNING IN THE EARLY 1960'S, MANY SOCIOLOGISTS BEGAN TO REJECT THE SUBCULTURAL THEORY. INSTEAD, THE LABELING THEORY OF DELINQUENCY WAS PROPOSED. THIS THEORY HELD THAT OFFFICIAL CONTROL AGENTS ATTEMPT TO RESOLVE CERTAIN CRISES AND CONFLICTS BY DEFINING THE ADOLESCENTS INVOLVED IN THESE ACTS AS DEVIANT. THUS, DELINQUENCY WAS SEEN AS THE RESULT OF THIS SOCIAL PROCESS OF LABELING. THE AUTHOR OBSERVES THAT THIS THEORY HAD LED TO INCREASED ACCOUNTABILITY OF DELINQUENCY CONTROL EFFORTS AND INCREASED COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT IN THE TREATMENT OF JUVENILES. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT SOCIAL SCIENTISTS MUST CONTINUE IN THIS PROCESS OF DEFINING DELINQUENCY FACTORS AND EXPLORING WAYS OF DEALING EFFECTIVELY WITH THE JUVENILE DELINQUENT.
Index Term(s): Community-based corrections (juvenile); Deviance; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile delinquency theory; Juvenile justice system; National Clearinghouse for Criminal Justice Information Systems; Social conditions; Socioculture; Subculture theory; Treatment
Note: CONTRIBUTIONS IN SOCIOLOGY, N 20
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=37681

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.