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NCJ Number: 41844 Find in a Library
Title: CRIMINALIZATION, VICTIMIZATION AND STRUCTURAL CORRELATES OF TWENTY-SIX AMERICAN CITIES
Author(s): S H DECKER
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 164
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS STUDY ASSESSES THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OFFICIAL (UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS) AND SURVEY (VICTIMIZATION) RATES OF CRIME, AND EXAMINES THE MUTUAL COVARIATION OF CRIME RATES WITH TWO CATEGORIES OF INDEPENDENT VARIABLES.
Abstract: DATA FOR ONE DEPENDENT VARIABLE IN THIS RESEARCH WAS PROVIDED BY THE VICTIMIZATION SURVEYS OF 26 LARGE AMERICAN CITIES. THE DATA SOURCE FOR THE OTHER DEPENDENT VARIABLE WAS THE UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS PUBLISHED BY THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION. THE SIX PART I OFFENSES OF RAPE, AGGRAVATED ASSAULT, ROBBERY, LARCENY, BURGLARY, AND MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT COMPRISED THE ELEMENTS OF EACH DEPENDENT VARIABLE. THE FIRST SECTION OF THE DATA ANALYSIS ATTEMPTED TO SPECIFY THE NATURE OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SURVEY AND OFFICIAL RATES OF CRIME. THE MOST STRIKING FEATURE TO EMERGE FROM THIS ANALYSIS WAS THE SHEER DIFFERENCE EXHIBITED BY THE TWO DATA SOURCES. FOR EVERY OFFENSE THE MEAN SURVEY RATE EXCEEDED THE VALUE OF THE OFFICIAL RATE. THE SECND SECTION OF THE DATA ANALYSIS WAS CONCENED WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF STRUCTURAL MODELS FOR VIOLENT, PROPERTY, AND OVERALL INDEX CRIME (EXCEPT HOMICIDE) RATES FOR BOTH SURVEY AND OFFICIAL RATES. THE STRUCTURAL PREDICTORS WERE CATEGORIZED INTO FOUR GROUPS: DEMOGRAPHIC, DISORGANIZATION, ECONOMIC, AND SOCIAL CONTROL. RESULTS OF THESE ANALYSES ARE REPORTED AS WELL. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)...DMC
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Crime Rate; Crime Statistics; Crime surveys; Data analysis; Estimated crime incidence; FBI Uniform Crime Reports; Index crimes; Surveys; Victimization
Note: FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY - DISSERTATION
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