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NCJ Number: 77713 Find in a Library
Title: National Policies on Child Abuse and Delinquency - Convergence or Divergence? (From Exploring the Relationship Between Child Abuse and Delinquency, P 25-33, 1981, Robert J Hunner and Yvonne Elder Walker, ed - See NCJ-77711)
Author(s): V Faherty
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: Allanheld, Osmun and Co Publishers, Inc
Montclair, NJ 07042
Sale Source: Allanheld, Osmun and Co Publishers, Inc
6 South Fullerton Avenue
Montclair, NJ 07042
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper reviews some of the long-term effects of child abuse and neglect, criticizes the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act and the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act, and offers an alternative national policy.
Abstract: Effects of child abuse and neglect, such as slowed intellectual growth and brain damage, often lead to social deviance. Although rigorous research data on the correlation between child abuse and delinquency do not yet exist, sufficient indications of this connection are present to warrant the refocusing of national priorities and allocations of resources. Instead of focusing on the emotional and physical health of children as a policy issue, the two acts establish the policies of serving abused children through the medical-social systems and processing and punishing delinquents through the criminal justice system. An analysis of these policies shows that a number of intended and unintended effects can be expected. Two distinct policies will continue to rupture the network of human service delivery systems and will cause problems in the interaction of rules and procedures; the client will be served neither effectively nor efficiently. One alternative would be to establish and institutionalize a national policy on personal social services. Thus far, the social service systems of education, income security, health, employment manpower, and housing have been accepted and institutionalized, while subsystems including child welfare, community services, and others span several components. The development of a sixth social service system out of the subsystems -- a personal social services system -- would provide the potential for a meaningful integration of services and encourage the development of significant national policies. A 15-item reference list is included.
Index Term(s): Abused children; Child abuse; Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile dependency and neglect; Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act; Policy analysis
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