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NCJ Number: 78255 Find in a Library
Title: Damage on Buses - The Effects of Supervision (From Designing Out Crime, P 31-38, 1980, R V G Clarke and P Mayhew, ed. - See NCJ-78253)
Author(s): A Sturman
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Pendragon House, Inc
Campbell, CA 95008
Sale Source: Pendragon House, Inc
2898 Joseph Avenue
Campbell, CA 95008
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: In this small-scale British research project, a study is made of how opportunities for vandalism on buses might be mediated by driver and conductor supervision of passengers.
Abstract: The sample of 99 buses was chosen from the 2 garages which service the Southern Area of the Central Divisions of Greater Manchester Transport. A 25-percent random sample was taken, stratifying for the four main types of double deck bus: one-man operated, dual purpose, front-entrance conventional, and rear-entrance conventional. Three different types of damage were analyzed: holes, tears, and writings. Two main findings emerged: (1) damage was greatest on buses without a conductor, even though these were the newest of the buses studied, and (2) on all buses, including those with conductors, damage was greatest in areas of low supervision (especially the upper deck and the back seat). The findings suggest that bus companies should take into account the possible effects of their policies on the prevention of vandalism when considering the design and manning of buses. However, given the companies' policy of operating buses with a minimum of staff, other methods to reduce vandalism should be considered, such as the use of colored flat surfaces that do not show felt-tip writing and the use on nonflammable materials. Tabular data and footnotes are given.
Index Term(s): Behavioral and Social Sciences; Crime prevention measures; Crime specific countermeasures; England; Mass transit security; Property damage; Transportation services; Vandalism
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