skip navigation

Justinfo Subscribe to Stay Informed

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


NCJRS Abstract


Subscribe to Stay Informed
Want to be in the know? JUSTINFO is a biweekly e-newsletter containing information about new publications, events, training, funding opportunities, and Web-based resources available from the NCJRS Federal sponsors. Sign up to get JUSTINFO in your inbox.

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 080993     Find in a Library
Title: Police Stress Survey - Sources of Stress in Law Enforcement
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): C D Spielberger ; L G Westberry ; K S Grier ; G Greenfield
Corporate Author: University of South Florida
Human Resources Institute
United States of America
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 75
  Annotation: This final report discusses preliminary research and testing of a survey instrument designed to identify sources of police occupational stress. It describes the conduct of the survey among Florida police officers and use of the survey, along with observation data, to evaluate two Florida stress management training programs for police recruits.
Abstract: Eighty stress items were selected for inclusion in a preliminary survey instrument administered to 50 officers who were members of the Fraternal Order of Police lodges in 7 Florida cities. The items were selected after a review of the literature, particularly the works of Kroes and his colleagues. Kroes determined important stress sources to be police administration, job conflict, line-of-duty crises, changing shifts, inactivity, and low salary. Items were also obtained from a small survey of police administrators. Findings of the pilot study were used to reduce the total number of items on the Police Stress Survey in its complete form to 60. The 60-item form was mailed to a large sample of Florida police, 233 of whom responded. Three stressor events were given the highest ratings in both this mail and the pilot study: (1) fellow officer killed in line of duty, (2) killing someone in line of duty, and (3) exposure to battered or dead children. Moreover, 9 of the 10 items rated most stressful in the mail survey were rated equally stressful in the pilot study, although in different order. The effects of demographic variables (officers' rank, age, education, marital status, experience, and location) were investigated and found to have possible correlation to stress ratings, although study limitations preclude definite conclusions. In addition, the factor structure of the survey, which weighted stress items, was examined in a series of analyses which indicated that administrative and organizational factors -such as inadequacies in the judicial and correctional systems and lack of support -- were as important in stress as physical and psychological danger. When survey results were combined with observation data in evaluating the Florida Police Stress Project and the Southeast Florida Institute of Criminal Justice stress training program, the programs were found to be comprehensive and realistic in their coverage of police stress. The response of recruits who had finished the training was similar to that of experienced officers in the mail survey; pretraining scores were much more divergent. Appendixes present a summary of the presurvey literature review, a bibliography of 60 entries, the survey instrument, and a modified version of the instrument developed after the present study.
Index Term(s): Data collection devices ; Surveys ; Police occupational stress ; Florida
Sponsoring Agency: University of South Florida
United States of America

US Dept of Justice
Law Enforcement Assistance Admin
Office of Criminal Justice Education and Training
United States of America

Florida State Lodge of the Fraternal Order of Police
United States of America
Grant Number: 79-DF-AX-0092
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Monograph Series 3, Number 6.
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.