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NCJ Number: 98744 Find in a Library
Title: Implications of Political Terrorism for the Management of Foreign Policy and the Practice of Diplomacy (From Terrorism, Political Violence and World Order, P 203-217, 1984, Henry H Han, ed. - See NCJ-98738)
Author(s): E Marks
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: University Press of America
Lanham, MD 20706
Sale Source: University Press of America
Marketing Director
4720 Boston Way
Lanham, MD 20706
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Terrorist attacks on individual diplomats threaten the diplomatic system itself and thus pose an international political problem that must be addressed through international law.
Abstract: Terrorists' physical attacks on diplomats and their families have increased the difficulty of recruiting qualified persons to the diplomatic service and prompted the establishment of personal and facility security measures that have reduced the accessibility of diplomatic services. Terrorists' ignoring of the traditional immunity from attack granted the diplomatic corps of all nations threatens to undermine the diplomatic system by preventing diplomats from performing their intermediary functions. Terrorism against diplomats creates a number of problems in foreign policy. Where such terrorism is state-supported, it constitutes an indirect hostile and violent engagement that undermines peaceful relations between the involved countries. Terrorism against diplomats by nonstate-supported terrorists presents another foreign policy problem, that of the host country bearing responsibility for protecting foreign diplomats. Also, there is the problem posed by a terrorist situation that complicates bilateral or multilaterial relations among nations, such as the Basque terrorist problem which complicates relations between France and Spain because they share a common border used by the Basques for their own ends. In dealing with the problems posed by terrorist attacks on diplomats, each nation must decide how it will work with other governments. Cooperation can include the exchange of intelligence information, joint planning to address terrorist attacks, cooperation in specific incidents, and cooperation in the pursuit of terrorists. The establishment of international agreements which express a consensus about acts that are crimes under international law is an important tool for mobilizing international cooperation against terrorism. The enforcement of the agreements, however, is dependent on changing political realities. Seven footnotes are provided.
Index Term(s): Diplomat security; International cooperation; International law; International terrorism
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