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NCJ Number: 113033 Find in a Library
Title: School Reintegration of Previously Reincarcerated Youth in Cleveland, 1983-84
Author(s): L Sametz; D Hamparian
Corporate Author: Federation for Community Planning
Ohio Serious Juvenile Offender Program
United States of America
Date Published: 1986
Page Count: 67
Sponsoring Agency: Cleveland Foundation
Cleveland, OH 44114
Federation for Community Planning
Cleveland, OH 44115
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report characterizes Ohio youth released in 1983-1984 to the Cleveland public schools and documents their reentry successes and failures as measured by continued involvement in education, employment, and the juvenile and criminal justice systems.
Abstract: Subjects included 382 urban and 93 suburban youth incarcerated in Ohio Department of Youth Services (ODYS) facilities and 102 youth incarcerated in the Cuyahoga County Youth Development Center (YDC). Compared to YDC youth, ODYS youth were more likely to be male, black, and older, and to have committed violent and property offenses. Of ODYS youth, 100 percent had prior adjudications, as compared to 76 percent of YDC youth. At 1 year postrelease, dropout rates were 65.4 percent for ODYS and 69.6 percent for YDC youth. For ODYS youth, continuation in school was related to early release, only one ODYS commitment, satisfactory discharge, required school attendance, and success in other areas such as employment. YDC youth who were male, younger, on aftercare and employed or in the employment program were more likely to remain in school than other YDC youth. A higher proportion of YDC youth (65.8 percent) than ODYS youth (54.9 percent) had further documented juvenile or adult arrests, although a greater proportion of ODYS youth continued into the adult criminal justice system. For ODYS youth, recidivism was related to dropping out of school, serious academic deficits, and more than one juvenile incarceration. Out-of-home placement, academic deficits, and family problems were related to recidivism of YDC youth. Results suggest a need for improved transition and employment services and alternative education options. Figures, tables, and 11 references.
Main Term(s): Juvenile reintegration
Index Term(s): Adjustment to release; Juvenile Recidivism; Ohio; School dropouts
Note: Information Bulletin Number Eight
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