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NCJ Number: 114777 Find in a Library
Title: Creation of Prison Social Services and the Evolution of Penal Reform in France from 1945 to 1958
Author(s): C Faugeron; J M Le Boulaire
Corporate Author: les Institutions Penales
Centre de Recherches
Sociologiques Sur le Droit et
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 74
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Document
Language: French
Country: France
Annotation: The rebuilding of the French Penal System after 1945 resulted in the establishment of previously nonexistent prison social services and the creation of assistance committees for released prisoners.
Abstract: This overview reviews the historical background of French prisoner services before 1945. It then describes the services installed by the Circular of 29 June 1945 that was established for the prisoners of WII and affected by the ideology of the occupation. These new services were the result of two parallel developing models. Model One is a progressive-integrated model that affects the individual prisoner and prison life; it unites the ideologies of prison reformers and social workers. Model Two, the 'bifurcation' model, is aimed more towards reduction of sentences and development of the prisoner's life after incarceration. The author concludes that the 1959 influx of a new kind of prisoner from North Africa has rendered the 1945 reforms invalid such that new prison strategies are necessary. Includes appendix with tabular data and two legislative document extracts. 49 backnotes. 79 references.
Main Term(s): Inmate social programs
Index Term(s): France; Inmate treatment
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