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NCJ Number: 130396 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Justice and Child Care in England
Author(s): S Millham
Corporate Author: University of Michigan
School of Social Work
United States of America
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Annie E. Casey Foundation
Baltimore, MD 21202
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1106
Type: Presentation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Since 1969, the juvenile justice system in England has phased out its reform schools in favor of diversion programs and community-based corrections.
Abstract: In 1969 there were 58 reform schools in England and Wales; today only 4 survive, and these are radically different from the previous schools in their emphasis on rehabilitation. Overall, the English juvenile justice system encourages diversion that eliminates formal adjudication for juveniles. This keeps most juveniles away from damaging residential placements and diverts the young and inexperienced offender away from statutory intervention. Even persistent offenders are managed in nonstigmatizing community projects. Many juvenile offenders have no action taken against them, others are cautioned about their behavior, and the remainder participate in minimal community service. Research indicates that this strategy yields a lower recidivism rate than any other strategy tried. Some weaknesses of this system, however, include minimization of the seriousness of chronic delinquency, the absence of individualized dispositions, a confusing range and combination of disposition alternatives, and the lack of attention to 16 and 17 year-olds who graduate to young-offender institutions, which are part of the prison system. 5 references
Main Term(s): Foreign juvenile justice systems; Juvenile diversion programs
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (juvenile); Deinstitutionalization; England
Note: Presented at a policy seminar on juvenile justice in October 1990, sponsored by the Center for the Study of Youth Policy.
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