skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 133199 Find in a Library
Title: Substance Use and Problems Among Toronto Street Youth
Journal: British Journal of Addiction  Volume:86  Dated:(1991)  Pages:999-1010
Author(s): R G Smart; E M Adlaf
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 12
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: A sample of 145 adolescent street youth in Toronto was used to study the prevalence of drug use among this population and compare the results to those derived from other adolescent street and mainstream populations.
Abstract: Not surprisingly, the survey showed a high incidence of drug and alcohol problems among the street youth; almost 90 percent reported an alcohol or drug problem. Youths were equally concerned about their level of use of both alcohol and drugs and their desire to use less. Like general populations, alcohol abuse more often had familial associations than did drug abuse. Although the youths stated that both alcohol and drug problems increased after being on the street, more reported increased drug use, probably because of the high availability. The findings raise issues regarding the need for treatment and other interventions which are currently not widely available or are inappropriate. Drug and alcohol use by street youth is partly a response to life in a hazardous and dysfunctional environment, while mainstream youth use drugs for social and recreational reasons. 8 tables and 22 references
Main Term(s): Homeless children; Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Foreign juvenile justice systems; Ontario; Underage Drinking
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.