skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 142100 Find in a Library
Journal: Criminology Australia  Volume:4  Issue:2  Dated:(October/November 1992)  Pages:25-28
Author(s): M Smith
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 4
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: The disproportionately high rate of aboriginal juvenile incarceration has become a contentious issue in Australia, and public perceptions of aboriginal juveniles and why they are arrested and incarcerated need to be enlightened.
Abstract: Aboriginal youth themselves who have been through the criminal justice system have rarely been questioned about how they see their world and what has happened to them. Incarceration separates them from their families and communities and can lead to dislocation and depression. One survey of 50 aboriginal juveniles incarcerated in New South Wales revealed that many aboriginal children felt they had never been treated fairly. Many experienced racism at school from both nonaboriginal children and teachers. The lack of support systems for aboriginal children often resulted in trouble with the police who were perceived to be harassing and intimidating. Of the 50 children, 31 reported negative experiences with white people. Eight of the 50 had been homeless, leaving their communities to escape racism and other pressures. The employment experience of those surveyed showed diverse work experience; 14 admitted stealing money to survive. With respect to court cases, 20 thought their trials had been fair and 13 held the opposite view. The experience of juvenile detention centers varied according to center and aboriginal juvenile needs. Of 24 youth with drug and alcohol problems, only 13 received counseling as part of their detention program. Counseling of a more general nature to help aboriginal juveniles deal with their problems in the larger community was only offered to eight of the 50 surveyed. Over 80 percent of those incarcerated were sentenced for theft or petty theft offenses. Recommendations are offered to prevent crime by aboriginal youth and to provide alternatives to incarceration. 8 references
Main Term(s): Aborigines; Foreign juvenile delinquency
Index Term(s): Australia; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Juvenile counseling; New South Wales; Racial discrimination
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.